NDA (National Defence Acadamy) is one of the most prestigious academies in India conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) twice a year. NDA one of the supreme gateways to join Indian Defense Forces and an iconic school that provides the best Defence education to IndianArmy, Navy, and Airforce together. NDA exam goes through 2 different stages, the first one is the written exam and the second is your SSB interview.

Every year around 6 lakh candidates appear for the NDA examination. Nearly 30,000 candidates pass the written exam and sit in the SSB interview according to the merit list. By the end of it, only 300-350 candidates were able to make their way to NDA. The age requirement for the examination between 17.5 to 19.5 years, it requires you to be a 12th class pass from a 10+2 education pattern.

The written exam is not so tough if one prepare for it regularly and have a clear idea about the exam pattern, marks distribution and syllabus. Don't try to isolate NDA exam from others, it seems to be more difficult if you do this. If one study smartly, the preparation can be integrated with the 12th Science Board exam.

The written exam is 900 marks which are cub divided into two parts. The first paper is of 300 marks and contains only mathematical questions from academic chapters and reasoning questions, the second part of 600 marks is of general ability which covers your English, science and a number of current affair questions. Along with your basic curriculum, a lot of preparation needed for the exam. Students need to study from other books apart from their basic curriculum to score well in the exam.

Below are the 5 most preferred books for the NDA exam preparation and you can easily buy them using Flipkart Sale Today Offer.
1. Mathematics for NDA & NA by R.S. Aggarwal
The book has a deep explanation of all the topics major topics to some minor ones. It also provides various tricks and shortcut method to solve the problem fast for better preparation. The book covers sets and relation along with logarithmic, quadratic equations, trigonometry and geometry ti=opics like circles, and triangles, etc. It has a number of solved examples to clarify the topic and the concept behind it. Also, it contains different types of unsolved problems to build up confidence for the examination as mathematics alone is of 300 marks.

2. Pathfinder for NDA & NA Entrance Examination National Defence Academy/Naval Academy Conducted by UPSC
The book comprises of chapters on mathematics, English, general ability, science, history, geography, and economics. It is essential to go through this book if you are appearing for the NDA or NA (Naval Academy) exam. A detailed explanation of every topic in a particular section is there in the book. A number of sample question papers are available that gives you a confidence boost. The effective narration helps the students to have the idea of the entire syllabus and helps them to build their strategy accordingly.

3. 10 Practice Sets NDA and NA
It contains 10 practice papers designed according to the pattern and framework of UPSC. The questions are divided into various subjects forming the core of the exams mathematics, English and general ability. It allows the student to get a clear idea about the examination and to level up their preparation. In order to increase the speed and accuracy, various solved questions with different techniques are given. By solving these question papers, the student will be more confident about his preparation and the topics studied will get revised.

4. Objective General Science with Subjective (Useful for IAS, NDA/NA, CDS, SSC, RAILWAY, IBPS, JEE, MBA, NCERT & State Service, etc.)
As the name suggests, this book covers general science questions both objective and subjective questions for different competitive exams. It gives you a whole pack of questions which will help you not just for the NDA exam, but for other competitive exams also. It covers the contents from Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Ecology & Environment, Astronomy, and Science & Technology useful for all competitive exams.

5. NDA & NA Entrance Examination: Previous Solved Papers by R. Gupta
This book includes the question papers from the past 10 years. After the preparations for the exam, students must go through this book for their complete revision and gain confidence. It gives you an idea about the type of questions asked in the paper and helps you to perform well in the coming exam and you can avail those using AliExpress Cashback Offers. Keeping a timer on the side of your desk, students can improve in their speed by solving the question papers given. Also, it has a detailed explanatory for the problems given in the question papers.

Scopus is the citation and abstract database of Elsevier. It was launched in the year 2004 with several thousands of peer reviewed journals and covering various topics ranging from life sciences, social sciences to health sciences and physical sciences. They cover three types of sources, namely, book series, trade journals and other journals. The journals in the database are reviewed each year to ensure their high quality regardless of their publication. Each search conducted in Scopus is incorporated in its patent database. Scopus also has an option for author profiles which includes their publication number and other information related to their publications including bibliographic records.

Here are a few tips to guide you through the publishing of a research paper with Scopus:
·         Selection of topics: This is the most basic but also the most important part of paper publishing. A paper is easily worked out if the topic chosen is comfortable for you to work with. The topic will decide the fate of the paper. Though it appears to be an easy task, it is difficult to choose a topic that is easy at the same time impressible.
·         Read and select samples carefully: A research paper is a lot easier if you have people who have already explored the discipline in similar ways that you wish to pursue and this can be of great help especially when you are stuck with a lack of information. Read as many samples as you can and filter it to top 20 related to your topic and find more points to brainstorm about.
·         Initiating the research: A research paper may not be the easiest thing to do but it is surely worth the efforts. Refer to the samples; observe how the author of that paper has written their paper step wise and how they have followed the style that they chose to work upon. Check out the way they have written the abstract, introduction or conclusion to gain help in developing your own without violating the initial guidelines provided.
·         Coming up with a suitable title: This should not be one of your initial steps due to the reason that you are likely to have to keep changing it according to the variations you keep making in your draft as you proceed with the paper. The title is obviously an essential part of any paper because it will convey in a single line the content you wish to depict within the following pages. Writing a title is a tough job but it can also be made easy with sample reference.
·         Proof reading: One of the essential end-game steps of any paper is to go through the whole writing once again to ensure that you have not missed on any vital points. Checking plagiarism is another important step that has to be ensured when you work on a research paper, this is important because it can even lead to your paper being rejected and this is not a good impression to create. Your vocabulary comes next in the queue and it has to be up-to-date with your field of research and should include all the technical terms strictly followed by your discipline. Grammar is the key to everything that you are working on.
·         Submission of your final draft: The final draft should be inclusive of all the above points along with the style you have chosen and not to forget the citations and bibliography. They also carry credentials when you are submitting a paper. The final draft will undergo peer reviewing and the like to ensure that you have done your researches in the right way.
·         Acceptance or rejection: If the peer is convinced regarding your efforts, they will accept your paper and publish the paper, which is a very good achievement for your future. In case your paper gets rejected, try not to get disappointed and keep working on your conference alerts research and keep the efforts going.
Scopus is easy to use even for a person who may not have much knowledge about the working of the internet. The software makes it easier to search even backwards and forwards with regards to citations and this makes researches a lot easier for the International conferences. Following the above mentioned steps will help you build a good research paper that will benefit your future in your respective discipline.
·         Spend adequate amount of time to do your research and try not to copy lines from the source that you are referring to. In case you want to borrow a line, make sure you cite it, by following the guideline that our style manual follows.
Work simultaneously on your bibliography. It will be a tedious task to find out all your sources at the end of your paper. You are likely to miss out if you keep it until the end.

Research & Development has been scaled up to a commendable level since last decade. In fact, a country’s strength is now measured on the scale of how efficient its R&D is! Research has currently been inculcated into each & every field be it science or arts. Research & development in the life science area alone has witnessed a steep rise. This has helped in eradicating life-threatening diseases like polio and pox and treating morbid disorders & numerous cancers. No doubt, it has led to betterment for humanity associated with health and quality of life.
But research must be conducted beneath the umbrella of ethics and consistent with the pre-determined, acceptable rules developed by the community of scientists. Once the results are obtained, publishing them is the responsibility of every scientist, in order to spread across the word globally. This will aid different researchers to analyze further on the obtained results and facilitate clinicians to relinquish additional care to the sick.

Writing analysis isn’t solely a science but also a tough art. It needs honesty, hard work, patience, and perseverance. Increased competition in the field of good research has made it even difficult for the researchers to get their manuscript published in a highly reputed journal. Best of the journals look forward to those manuscripts which have the best quality research supported by ethical guidelines on scientific backgrounds. To each researcher, his own data/ manuscript/ finding is most important and relevant to the current world scenario. However, all of those manuscripts do not pave their ways into leading journals. Rejection obviously discourages the author/researcher. But does that mean that his research is not good quality, or is not up to the standards that are laid down internationally? We will try to find an answer to this particular question while going through views of leading researchers.
Now, anyone, who is from the research background knows that the quality of a journal is determined by its Impact Factor. The impact factor is the measure of the impact of certain journals in the scientific community that represents the average number of citations which every article in that journal has received over the last few years. The higher the impact factor of the journal the higher the reputation among those scientists. Its calculation is based on the number of times items published in that journal in previous years were cited by indexed publications in the succeeding years.
This term is also governed by other factors like H-index, self-citations, citations per document, etc. Although there are numerous available impact factors and scientific ratings, the most acceptable is one by Thomson Reuters. Leading scientific journals like Nature, science, IJR has a rating of more than 30.
Impact factor (IF) calculation has several advantages, being:
  • The most vital and up to date
  • The calculation of impact issue is well understood
  • It provides a tool for managing library journal collections
  • Gives a gross approximation of the prestige of journals (this is done in conjunction with
  • Alternative considerations like peer review, productivity, and subject specialty citation rates
There are also certain disadvantages associated with Impact Factor:
  • The journal’s impact issue isn’t essentially representative of the individual journal articles it’s extremely passionate about the number of references per article within the analysis field
  • Language barriers for journals that aren’t in English
  • Selective journal self – citation
  • Expensive costs for access to databases
  • Citations of papers in journals aren’t in correlation with the standard of the journal and
  • Even less with the scientific quality of the paper
  • Journals that are less obtainable to readers can almost ne’er come through the next impact issue regardless of the standard of papers it publishes
  • Leading to a reduction in the popularity of newly established and local journals with lesser impact factors
The use of journal IF to live the standard and impact of individual papers is invalid from a statistical point of view. The high Impact Factor of selective journals results from their ability to draw in many papers that are terribly cited. However, the publication venue could be a poor predictor of the number of times that an article is going to be cited. Thus, for many authors, the advantages of publication in high-IF journals result in a lot of from their association with different papers within the same journal that happens to be extremely cited than from their own extraordinary content.
In different words, publication in a very high-Impact Factor journal is also easier than manufacturing extremely cited work.
The journal Impact Factor exerts an amazing influence on the conduct of scientists. The obsession with IF has been compared to a medical condition, typically mentioned as “IF mania” or “impactitis.”

5 measures to fight this “IF-Mania” malady:
(i) to diversify journal club selections,
(ii) not to judge science on the publication venue,
(iii) to reduce the reliance on journal citation metrics for employment and advancement, 
(iv) to discuss the misuse of the IF in ethics courses, and
(v) to cite the foremost acceptable sources.
A news in 2013 grabbed the attention of masses, when Randy Schekman, a US biologist who won the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine of that year stated that his lab would not send research papers to the highest-impact journals, Nature, Cell and Science. Schekman said pressure to publish in “luxury” journals inspired researchers to chop corners and pursue fashionable fields of science rather than doing a lot of necessary work.
According to him, the matter is further worsened, by editors who weren’t active scientists but professionals who favored studies that were doubtless to form a splash.

Not only the Nobel Laureates but listening to the views of the overall scientific community, one will realize that young researchers are more interested in citation count and h-index than impact factor. Citation indexes were originally designed for data retrieval, they’re progressively used for bibliometrics and alternative studies involving research analysis. Citation information is additionally the idea of the favored journal impact issue. The impact issue (IF) of a journal may be alive reflective of the average range of citations to recent articles published in the journal. It is often used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal in its field, with journals with higher impact factors deemed to be additionally vital than those with lower ones. The h-index is an associated index that makes an attempt to measure both the productivity and impact of the research work of a scholar. The index relies on the set of the scientist’s most cited papers and also the range of citations that they have received in alternative publications. The index can even be applied to the productivity and impact of a bunch of scientists, like a department or university or country, as well as a scholarly journal.
The citation count will automatically increase if the research paper follows ethical guidelines and contains all the relevant information. It will draw the attention of researchers, even if it is not a part of a high impact journal.
Try improving the quality of your manuscript by:
  • Being focussed on the topic
  • Giving a detailed analysis of the research work in hand
    Including novel available methods (you can even design a new method and get it patented)
  • Giving detailed research protocol for reference by others
  • Providing support data (pictures, diagrams, flow charts, tables)
  • Relating wisely with an already existing problem and suggesting a valid solution to that
  • Take requisite time to complete your work in an elaborate manner
Ultimately the whole and sole of research are to give some piece of information which can be used by others to develop something which is going to bear fruits. There is no use of such ground-breaking research that wins the Nobel Prize and gets published in Cell, Nature, Science, IJR.

European Journal of Business and Social Sciences (EJBSS)

A UGC Approved Journal

European Journal of Business and Social Sciences (EJBSS)

 is an open access, international, peer-reviewed general medical journal. The journal's full text is available online at https://ejbss.org . The journal allows free access to its contents. EJBSS is dedicated to publishing research in medical science from all disciplines and therapeutic areas of medical science or practice. The journal has a broad coverage of relevant topics across medical science or practice. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences (EJBSS) is one of the fastest communication journals and articles are published online within short time after acceptance of manuscripts.

The types of articles accepted include original research articles, review articles, editorial, medical news, case reports, adverse drug reactions, short communications, correspondence, images in medical practice, clinical problem solving, perspectives and new drug updates. It is published monthly and available in print and online version..

The Journal is inline with MCI norms and index with Index Copernicus Value 106.18
The Journal having an 2235-767X with Impact Factor of 6.67 & UGC Sr.No.62841

How to Submit Article:
If you wish to publish Research Paper/Article kindly follow our |Send your paper to us at  editor@ejbss.org 

Journal Indexing:

The journal is indexed with leading International Indexing agencies like Index Copernicus, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, IIFS, Citefactor, DJOF, DRJI, Eyesource etc.

Impact Factor:

The journal is indexed and having high impact factor 6.76.

Manuscript Submission:

A High Quality research paper are invited those are original and plagiarism free must be prepared in MS word with double - column in single spaced typed pages should be submitted electronically as an attachment on E-mail Id of Journals mentioned editor@ejbss.org 
Review Process :
A Standard Review Process should take 3-4 days time.

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