Complementary Role of Urban Design and Land Use with Transport

Today, we will discuss some relationship among the urban design, landuse planning and the transport planning. The amount of the physical activity of the people of a locality depends or get modified by the existing urban design, landuse planning and the available means and modes of transportation. The well being and health of the residents are guided by these interdependent factors i.e., urban design, land use planning and the transportation. For example, environmental and planning approaches for increasing physical activity would include: walking and cycling, funding for public facilities, zoning and land use that facilitates activity in neighborhoods.
The healthy living pattern can be promoted throughcommunity-scale urban design and land use planning.Thoughtful street scale urban design and land use can promote increased physical activity. The availability of public transport at a reasonable distance say half kilometer can surely promote walking and use of public transport.  
Same components and parameters of design and planning cannot be applied to urban and rural areas. The design and planning interventions can help make the community living more healthy and beneficial for all age group of people.
Transportation/travel interventions would include interventions that strive to improve pedestrian, cycling and access to public transport at optimum distance.
Shashikant Nishant Sharma
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